Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Gum Disease

Gum disease is a serious and often overlooked oral health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It’s caused by bacteria in the mouth, and if left untreated can cause permanent damage to gums, teeth, and other tissues in the mouth. But gum disease doesn’t have to mean a life of pain and discomfort. With proper care and prevention techniques, you can keep your teeth healthy and strong for years to come. In this blog post, we will explore the causes of gum disease, its symptoms, and what treatment options are available. Ready to start learning? Read on!

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is a serious infection of the gums and bone that hold your teeth in place. It’s usually caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth. If not removed, plaque hardens into tartar (calculus), which can only be removed with professional cleaning.

If gum disease isn’t treated, it can destroy the gums and bone around your teeth, causing your teeth to eventually fall out. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults over age 35. It’s also been linked to other serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

The good news is that gum disease is preventable and treatable. Regular brushing and flossing helps remove plaque before it turns into tartar. Professional cleanings (dental scaling and root planing) are also important in preventing and treating gum disease. If you already have gum disease, there are treatments available to help control the infection and stop the progression of the disease.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums and bones that support the teeth. Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. Plaque begins to form on teeth within minutes after eating or drinking. If not removed, plaque can harden and turn into tartar (calculus). Once tartar forms, it can only be removed with professional cleaning.

If plaque and tartar are not removed, they will continue to irritate the gums, causing them to become inflamed. This is called gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible with good oral hygiene. However, if plaque and tartar are not removed, gingivitis will progress to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious infection that damages the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. Periodontitis is not reversible, but it can be controlled with proper treatment.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Gum disease is a common condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms. Early symptoms may include bleeding gums, bad breath, and receding gums. If left untreated, gum disease can progress to more serious conditions, such as periodontitis and tooth loss.

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it is important to see a dentist or oral health care professional as soon as possible. They will be able to diagnose your condition and recommend the best treatment options for you.

Treatment Options for Gum Disease

Gum disease is a common condition that can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems. There are two main types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. It is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. Plaque can irritate your gums, making them red, swollen, and more likely to bleed when you brush or floss. If plaque is not removed, it can harden into tartar, which is harder to remove.

Periodontitis is the more advanced stage of gum disease. It occurs when the gums are inflamed and begin to pull away from the teeth. This creates pockets of space between the teeth and gums where bacteria can grow. As the disease progresses, the bones and connective tissue that support your teeth can be destroyed.

There are several treatment options available for gum disease. The type of treatment will depend on the severity of the condition.


Good dental hygiene is important to maintain a healthy mouth and minimize the risk of gum disease. The most common cause of gum disease is poor oral health habits, but some people may be more prone to the condition due to genetics or other medical conditions. Knowing the signs and symptoms can help you diagnose gum disease early on and start treatment right away. Following your dentist’s instructions for brushing, flossing, and using an antiseptic mouthwash can help reduce your chance of developing gum disease in the future.

  1. What is gum disease?
    Gum disease is an infection of the gums that can progress to affect the bone supporting the teeth. Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth, and if not removed, can harden into tartar. Tartar buildup can lead to inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and eventually destruction of the tissues and bone supporting the teeth (periodontitis).2. What are the symptoms of gum disease?
    The early stage of gum disease, gingivitis, may not cause any symptoms. As gingivitis progresses to periodontitis, you may experience bleeding gums when brushing or flossing, receding gums, bad breath, or a loose tooth.

    3. How is gum disease treated?
    Gingivitis can often be reversed with a professional cleaning and good at-home oral hygiene. More advanced cases of gum disease may require additional treatments, such as scaling and root planing (a deep cleaning), antibiotics, or surgery.